If a power outage occurs,
- Call your local electric cooperative to report the outage – don’t assume that your neighbor has already called it in. The outage may be isolated to your home only. Even if it’s widespread, the more calls we receive, the easier it is to identify the problem.
- Turn off the stove, oven and other appliances (except the refrigerator and freezer, unless they’re empty) to prevent heavy startup loads that could cause secondary blackouts when power is restored.
- Unplug sensitive electronic equipment such as computers, TVs and other home entertainment equipment to avoid damage to them when power is restored.
- Keep refrigerator and freezer doors closed to prevent food from spoiling.
- Leave one light turned on, so you’ll know when the power is restored.
- Select a room on the warm side of the house away from prevailing winds to wait out the outage.
- Keep curtains and exterior doors closed.
- Wear layers of loose-fitting, lightweight clothing. Remove layers to avoid overheating, perspiration and the resulting chills.
- If you have an unvented, fuel-burning space heater, place it on a level, hard and nonflammable surface – not on rugs or carpets or near bedding or drapes. Cross-ventilate by opening a window an inch on each side of the room; it’s better to let some cold air in than to run the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning. Also, never leave a space heater unattended or within the reach of children or pets – and turn it off when you leave the room or go to bed.
- If temperatures fall to near freezing in your home, open all faucets slightly so they drip. This minimal water flow will help prevent pipes from freezing.
- Close off as many rooms as possible, unless you are using an unvented, fuel-burning space heater. Then you should keep the doors open to the rest of the house, to prevent pollutant and carbon monoxide buildup.
- Do not use your stove, oven, cooktop, outdoor grill, camping stove or any other fuel-, charcoal- or wood-burning cooking equipment to try to produce useable heat inside your home. The carbon monoxide these devices produce could be fatal within in a mater of minutes.
- Use your fireplace if you have one. Otherwise, make sure the flue is closed.
- Don’t use candles for lighting; they can cause a fire. Use a flashlight or batter powered camping lantern instead.
Anyone who may be without power for any extended amount of time is encouraged to relocate to a nearby emergency shelter.
Extended power outages
Though not very common, widespread outages can occur leaving many people without power for days. We have compiled this list of information and resources that are important to remember during widespread and extended power outages:
Safety during electric outages
- Do not use generators unless they are connected to an isolated circuit. Generators connected directly to a home’s electric circuit may create a life-threatening situation for crews working on the line. If you are not certain that a generator is isolated – do not use it.
- Stay away from down power lines and poles. Always assume the lines are energized and report any damage to your local electric cooperative.
- Avoid riding snowmobiles in ditches and other areas where power lines are down. Buried conductors, downed lines, and broken poles represent a significant safety issue.
- Members should not attempt to clear downed electrical equipment on their own. If the damage is before the meter, please call your local electric cooperative. If the damage is after the meter, please contact an electrician.
- Severe weather and power outages create the need to improvise solutions for home heating, cooking, and other necessary tasks. We strongly urge members to avoid using products designed for outdoor use inside their homes.
- If you know of elderly persons or those with medical needs who may be without power, we suggest you check on them and help them find a place to stay until power can be restored. You may contact your county’s Emergency Management Coordinator to find established shelters. In Marion County, call 641-828-2256.
- Be aware that in cold weather, water pipes may freeze. Drain the water supply lines if possible, but if they must remain operational, insulate the lines or allow a small flow of water to continually run through the system.
Power outage preparation
To be prepared for a power outage, you need to gather these supplies before an outage occurs. These are good to have in case of any emergency. Gather these items:
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- Battery-powered weather radio and portable radio to receive emergency information
- Plenty of water – the American Red cross suggests one gallon per person per day
- High-energy food that don’t require refrigeration or cooking, such as dried fruit, nuts, granola bar, cereals and canned goods
- A non-electric can opener
- A week’s worth of medicines
- First-aid supplies
- Individually wrapped moist wipes for hand cleaning
- Extra baby items
- Sleeping bags, blankets and pillows
- Books and games to keep kids occupied
- ABC-type fire extinguisher
- Plenty of food and water (and shelter) for pets.
- Check the batteries in – and test – all smoke detectors and carbon monoxide alarms in your home. If any of the devices are 10 years old, replace them.
- If you have an electric garage door opener, it won’t work during a power outage, so make sure you know how to open the door manually.
For some who rely on life support or other essential medical equipment, a power outage can present a life threatening situation. If you, or someone you know, relies on electricity to power life sustaining equipment, please take the following steps before an outage:
- Contact your local electric cooperative. Your account will be noted and priority will be given, when possible, to restore power to your home first during an outage.
- Invest in power supply backup equipment. This could be a generator, or battery backup for the medical equipment. Have a qualified technician install this equipment.
- Notify family, friends, and neighbors. That way, when the power goes out, they know to come to your assistance and take you to a location that has power.
Keep these things in mind when using a portable generator:
- Make certain the generator is on an isolated circuit. If connected to your home’s wiring, it could back-feed and create a life-threatening situation for linemen working on power lines.
- Read the manufacturer’s instructions and learn how to operate and shut off your generator before you need to use it.
- Make sure the extension cord you use is in good shape and rated for a load greater than the total wattage of all connected appliances and other devices (125 volts x amps = watts).
- Keep the generator dry, and don’t operate it indoors or in an enclosed or partially enclosed area such as a garage or porch. Generators quickly can produce high levels of deadly carbon monoxide gas.
- Keep children and pets away form the generator when it’s running.
- Practice power management. For example, when the power is out for several hours or longer, use the generator to run the refrigerator every few hours so food won’t spoil – instead of just powering lights in your home all day long.
- Give your generator several breaks during the day. Most portable generators aren’t designed to run 24/7, so shut down your unit several times a day to let it cool down.
- Always switch the engine off and allow it to cool before adding fuel in a well-ventilated area. Take care not to contaminate the fuel tank with dirt or water.
- Turn off the generator’s circuit breaker before starting, so the load doesn’t draw current until the generator is running smoothly. Turn off the breaker before stopping the generator.
- Test the ground fault circuit interrupter, commonly referred to as a GFCI, on the generator every time you fire up the engine.